Stages of Child’s Development

  • If children live with criticism – they learn to condemn
  • If children live with hostility – they learn to flight
  • If children live with humiliation – they learn to be timid
  • If children live with shame – they learn to be guilty
  • If children live with tolerance they learn to be tolerant
  • If children live with stimulation – they learn to confident
  • If children live with praise – they learn to give recognition
  • If children live with equality – they learn justice
  • If children live with security – they learn faith
  • If children live with esteem – they learn self-esteem
  • If children live with acceptance & friendship – they learn to find love in the world.

Characteristics of a Good Teacher:

  • Understands development stages of children.
  • Sets tasks according to the development stages of child.
  • Can see things from a child’s perspective.
  • Is attuned to the verbal and non-verbal communication of the children.
  • Responds to these signals appropriately and in time
  • Makes his expectations about child’s behavior
  • Clear but avoids setting arbitrary limits
  • Get kids to just accept management volitionally by “setting the mood” for management
  • Arrange the physical and interpersonal environment of class in such a way that he spends minimum time is disciplining and maximum time in teaching.

Characteristic of a good school:

  • The pupils are, a mixture of gifted, able and ordinary students.
  • Strong leadership by the head teacher, with consistent style of leadership.
  • The staff is involved in decision making with consensus and implementation is the joint responsibility.
  • Parents of school children are actively involved.
  • The physical and interpersonal environment is
  • safe and orderly,
  • Rules and limits are clearly defined and firmly enforced.
  • Positive, rather than negative disciplinary style in the school is adopted.

Discipline/ Compliance

  • Discipline is an important part of school life and different strategies and techniques are used to ensure discipline/ compliance.
  • It is important to remember that children are for most part naturally inclined to obey but teacher’s job is not only to ‘discipline’ the child but also to ‘encourage’ him to be an ‘autonomous and independent’ thinking individual. 
  • Use of negative discipline techniques like physical punishment, depriving the child of privileges and material objects, criticizing or threatening results in a ‘clash of wills’ between a child and teacher with consequent ‘poor compliance’ and harmful effects on child’s development e.g. may develop aggressive/ destructive tendencies, may have low self worth.
  • It is much better to use Positive Discipline Techniques to ensure compliance.


  • Do not over do any of the techniques
  • Do not humiliate or embarrass the child
  • Clearly identify the desirable behavior
  • Reinforce desirable behavior
  • Give reasons for undesirable
  • Be consistent in your discipline strategies while remaining kind and firm.
  • Do not criticize the upbringing/ family of the child
  • Practice what you teach. 


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